Thermodynamic calculations for precipitation in maraging steels

W. Sha*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)


    In the present work, thermodynamic calculations for several maraging systems have been carried out, and the results are compared with experimental data. The calculations were conducted using ThermoCalc. Excellent agreement is obtained between calculation and experimental measurements using mainly the atom probe. As a highlight, calculated equilibrium phases and their mole fractions in 1RK91 steel recently developed by Sandvik compare extremely well with atom probe microchemistry data, which showed the presence of copper rich particles, mixed Ni3Al and Ni3Ti, and molybdenum rich precipitates. Calculations also indicate the thermodynamic stability of μ phase in the Fe-Ni-Mo and Fe-Ni-Co-Mo systems, Ni3Al and Ni3Ti in a chromium containing steel, and NiMn in a Fe-Ni-Mn system. However, it should be noted that thermodynamic calculations may only be used as a guideline for systems not in equilibrium.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1434-1436
    Number of pages3
    JournalMaterials Science And Technology
    Issue number11-12
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Materials Science(all)
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Mechanical Engineering


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