Topology of megagauss magnetic fields and of heat-carrying electrons produced in a high-power laser-solid interaction

L. Lancia, B. Albertazzi, C. Boniface, A. Grisollet, R. Riquier, F. Chaland, K. C. Le Thanh, Ph. Mellor, P. Antici, S. Buffechoux, S. N. Chen, D. Doria, M. Nakatsutsumi, C. Peth, M. Swantusch, M. Stardubtsev, L. Palumbo, M. Borghesi, O. Willi, H. PépinJ. Fuchs

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27 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

The intricate spatial and energy distribution of magnetic fields, self-generated during high power laser irradiation (at Iλ2∼1013-1014W.cm-2.μm2) of a solid target, and of the heat-carrying electron currents, is studied in inertial confinement fusion (ICF) relevant conditions. This is done by comparing proton radiography measurements of the fields to an improved magnetohydrodynamic description that fully takes into account the nonlocality of the heat transport. We show that, in these conditions, magnetic fields are rapidly advected radially along the target surface and compressed over long time scales into the dense parts of the target. As a consequence, the electrons are weakly magnetized in most parts of the plasma flow, and we observe a reemergence of nonlocality which is a crucial effect for a correct description of the energetics of ICF experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235001
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume113
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02 Dec 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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