Towards a Normative Defence of Provocation in England and Ireland

John Stannard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This article compares, in the light of the House of Lords’ decision in R v Smith (Morgan James), the English and Irish approaches to the objective test in provocation. Though the law on this point has developed in radically different directions as between England and Ireland, both jurisdictions demonstrate a profound dissatisfaction with the objective test in its traditional formulation combined with a reluctance to dispense with it altogether. It is suggested that Lord Hoffmann’s approach in Morgan Smith, by drawing out the essentially normative function of the objective test, provides a useful way forward for the law on both sides of the Irish Sea.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)528-540
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Criminal Law
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002


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