Toxic interactions of metal ions (Cd2+, Pb2+, Zn2+ and Sb3- on in vitro biomass production of ectomycorrhizal fungi

Jeanette Hartley, John W G Cairney, Francis E. Sanders, Andrew A. Meharg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A number of ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi, from sites uncontaminated by toxic metals, were investigated to determine their sensitivity to Cd2-, Pb2+, Zn2+ and Sb3-, measured as an inhibition of fungal biomass production. Isolates were grown in liquid media amended with the metals, individually (over a range of concentrations) and in combination (at single concentrations) to determine any significant interactions between the metals. Significant interspecific variation in sensitivity to Cd2+ and Zn2+ was recorded, while Pb2+ and Sb3- individually had little effect. The presence of Pb2+ and Sb3- in the media did however, ameliorate Cd2+ and Zn2+ toxicity in some circumstances. Interactions between Cd2+ and Zn2+ were investigated further over a range of concentrations. Zn2+ was found to significantly ameliorate the toxicity of Cd2+ to three of the four isolates tested. The influence of Zn2+ varied between ECM species and with the concentrations of metals tested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-562
Number of pages12
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume137
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Ectomycorrhizal fungi
  • Interactions
  • Metal tolerance
  • Toxic metals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Biochemistry

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