Toxin-neutralizing antibodies elicited by naturally acquired cutaneous anthrax are elevated following severe disease and appear to target conformational epitopes

Eric K Dumas, Hayati Demiraslan, Rebecca J Ingram, Rebecca M Sparks, Emily Muns, Adriana Zamora, Jason Larabee, Lori Garman, Jimmy D Ballard, Geert-Jan Boons, Judith A James, Uner Kayabas, Mehmet Doganay, A Darise Farris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Understanding immune responses to native antigens in response to natural infections can lead to improved approaches to vaccination. This study sought to characterize the humoral immune response to anthrax toxin components, capsule and spore antigens in individuals (n = 46) from the Kayseri and Malatya regions of Turkey who had recovered from mild or severe forms of cutaneous anthrax infection, compared to regional healthy controls (n = 20). IgG antibodies to each toxin component, the poly-γ-D-glutamic acid capsule, the Bacillus collagen-like protein of anthracis (BclA) spore antigen, and the spore carbohydrate anthrose, were detected in the cases, with anthrax toxin neutralization and responses to Protective Antigen (PA) and Lethal Factor (LF) being higher following severe forms of the disease. Significant correlative relationships among responses to PA, LF, Edema Factor (EF) and capsule were observed among the cases. Though some regional control sera exhibited binding to a subset of the tested antigens, these samples did not neutralize anthrax toxins and lacked correlative relationships among antigen binding specificities observed in the cases. Comparison of serum binding to overlapping decapeptides covering the entire length of PA, LF and EF proteins in 26 cases compared to 8 regional controls revealed that anthrax toxin-neutralizing antibody responses elicited following natural cutaneous anthrax infection are directed to conformational epitopes. These studies support the concept of vaccination approaches that preserve conformational epitopes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0230782
Number of pages17
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2020

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Toxin-neutralizing antibodies elicited by naturally acquired cutaneous anthrax are elevated following severe disease and appear to target conformational epitopes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this