Transcribing disordered speech: The segmental and prosodic layers

Martin J. Ball*, Joan Rahilly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In this article we explore the speech layers of a transcription toolkit. We begin by discussing issues of transcription theory and practice, including the difference between broad and narrow phonetic transcription and the importance of narrow transcription with disordered speech, and the measurement of transcriber reliability. We also look at extending symbol sets and using instrumental approaches to deal with atypical speech production. Both segmental and prosodic transcription are dealt with in turn and illustrated with sample transcriptions. We note that, while several phenomena can be subsumed under the prosodic layer, less agreement exists on how to transcribe these than with segmental examples, and that little agreement yet exists on how to notate prosodic disorders. We conclude with illustrations from various adult and child cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-344
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Linguistics and Phonetics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2002


  • Disordered speech
  • Phonetics
  • Prosodic transcription
  • Segmental transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing


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