Transfer of amiprophosmethyl resistance from a Nicotiana plumbaginifolia mutant by somatic hybridisation

AI Yemets*, OP Kundel'chuk, AP Smertenko, VG Solodushko, VA Rudas, YY Gleba, YB Blume

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transfer of resistance to the phosphorothioamidate herbicide, amiprophosmethyl (APM), from the P-tubulin mutant of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia to the interspecific N, plumbaginifolia (+) N, sylvestris is and to the intertribal N, plumbaginifolia (+) Atropa belladonna somatic hybrids has been demonstrated. Transfer to the recipient species was accomplished by: (1) symmetric hybridisation and (2) asymmetric hybridisation using gamma-irradiation of donor protoplasts. Cytogenetic analysis confirmed the hybrid origin of the hybrids obtained. It was established that most of them typically inherited no more than three donor chromosomes, although it was possible to obtain symmetric hybrids in the case of symmetric fusion. Immunofluorescent microscopy analysis has shown that protoplasts of the mutant, and of the N. plumbagini-folia (+) N. sylvestris and N. plumbaginifolia (+) A. belladonna hybrids, retained the normal structure of interphase microtubule (MT) arrays and mitotic figures after treatment with 5 mu M APM, whereas MTs of protoplasts of the recipients were destroyed under these conditions. It was also shown that hybrid clones contained an altered beta-tubulin isoform originating from the N. plumbaginifolia mutant. The selected hybrid clones were characterised by cross-resistance to trifluralin, a dinitroaniline herbicide with the same mode of anti-MT action. Some of the somatic hybrids which could flower were fertile. It was established that seeds of some fertile hybrids were able to germinate in the presence of 5 mu M APM. The results obtained thus support the conclusion that the technique of somatic hybridisation, especially asymmetric fusion, can be used to transfer APM resistance from the N. plumbaginifolia mutant to different (related and remote) plant species of the Solanaceae, including important crops.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-857
Number of pages11
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics TAG
Volume100
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2000

Keywords

  • HYBRIDIZATION
  • amiprophosmethyl
  • MICROTUBULE POLYMERIZATION INVITRO
  • ATROPA-BELLADONNA
  • beta-tubulin
  • Nicotiana plumbaginifolia mutant
  • CHLOROPLAST SEGREGATION
  • METHYL
  • HYBRIDS
  • TUBULIN
  • transfer of resistance
  • somatic hybridisation
  • CELL-CULTURES
  • CHROMOSOME ELIMINATION
  • HERBICIDE

Cite this