Studies by laser flash photolysis, transient Raman spectroscopy, and Raman and UV-vis spectroelectrochemistry are described in which the techniques have been used in parallel to compare the lowest energy charge-transfer excited states of Cu (1) complexes ([Cu(L)2]+ and [ (PPh3)2Cu(L)]+ [L = 2,2'-biquinoline (BIQ) or 6,7-dihydro-5,8-dimethyldibenzo[b,j] [1,10]-phenanthroline (DMCH)) with the species produced by electrochemical reduction in the same group of complexes. Transient resonance Raman spectra for the metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) states of [Cu(DMCH)2]+ (1), [Cu(BIQ)2]+ (2), [Cu(DMCH)(PPh3)2]+ (3), and [Cu(BIQ)(PPh3)2]+ (4) are compared with the resonance Raman spectra of the same group of complexes following one-electron electrochemical reduction of the DMCH and BIQ ligands. The UV-vis and resonance Raman evidence suggests that the electrochemical reduction of the [Cu(I)L2]+ species proceeds according to the sequence [LCu(I)L]+ -->e- [LCu0L] -->e- [L.-Cu(I)L.-]-. Several features assignable to modes of the electrochemically generated DMCH.-and BIQ'- radical anions exhibit a close correspondence in both frequency and relative intensity with counterparts in the spectra of the MLCT states of 1 and 2. A notable exception is a band near 1590 cm-1 in the spectra of the electrochemically reduced species which occurs some 15 cm-1 lower in the corresponding spectra of the excited-state species. It is suggested that the shift may reflect the change in oxidation state of the metal center from Cu(I) to Cu(II) which occurs as a result of charge-transfer excitation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Physical Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1993|