Experiments are reported which show that currents of low energy ("cold") electrons pass unattenuated through crystalline ice at 135 K for energies between zero and 650 meV, up to the maximum studied film thickness of 430 bilayers, indicating negligible apparent trapping. By contrast, both porous amorphous ice and compact crystalline ice at 40 K show efficient electron trapping. Ice at intermediate temperatures reveals metastable trapping that decays within a few hundred seconds at 110 K. Our results are the first to demonstrate full transmission of cold electrons in high temperature water ice and the phenomenon of temperature-dependent trapping.
Bibliographical noteWe wish to acknowledge the support of the EIPAM Network (European Science Foundation; L.F.), the staff of the Aarhus Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (ISA) and the Danish Research Council (FNU). This research has also been supported by a Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship under proposal number 009786 (R.B.) and the Lundbeck Foundation (R.B.). We would like to thank Dr. J. Wells (Aarhus) for carrying out investigations of the tantalum surface.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry