OBJECTIVES: This paper looks at patients with a diagnosis of tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) presenting to the Northern Ireland regional adult and paediatric uveitis service in the Belfast Health and Social Care Trust. The demographic distribution, treatment required and the visual and renal outcomes of these patients are documented.
METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively on 24 patients with TINU using the Northern Ireland Electronic Care Record, central pathology records alongside the adult and paediatric uveitis databases from 2011 to 2021. Patients were categorised into two groups using the Mandeville classification system. Standard Uveitis Nomenclature (SUN) was used to classify the uveitis.
RESULTS: The population prevalence is at least 12.6 cases per million based on a population of 1.9 million. Nineteen of 24 cases were definite TINU and five of 24 probable. Seventeen out of 24 had biopsy-positive TIN, all of which met all of the Mandeville clinical diagnostic features required for a definite diagnosis. All but one presented with acute bilateral anterior uveitis. The paediatric cases ranged from age 12 to 18 at age of onset with a mean age of 14. Of the 18 adult onset cases, the age ranged from 20 to 76 years. The mean age of onset for the adult cases was 53 years. Of these patients 71% were female; 42% required second-line immunosuppression for ocular disease. Visual acuity was maintained. Follow-up time ranged from 3 months to 16 years. No patient developed long-term renal impairment.
CONCLUSIONS: TINU is a cause of uveitis in both the paediatric and adult populations. In Northern Ireland average age with TINU was older than much of the published literature. Long-term immunosuppression for uveitis may be required as ongoing ocular, rather than renal inflammation seemed to require treatment.