Tumor-derived systems as novel biomedical tools—turning the enemy into an ally

Nimeet Desai, Pratik Katare, Vaishali Makwana, Sagar Salave, Lalitkumar K. Vora*, Jyotsnendu Giri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)
55 Downloads (Pure)


Cancer is a complex illness that presents significant challenges in its understanding and treatment. The classic definition, "a group of diseases characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells in the body," fails to convey the intricate interaction between the many entities involved in cancer. Recent advancements in the field of cancer research have shed light on the role played by individual cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment as a whole in tumor development and progression. This breakthrough enables the utilization of the tumor and its components as biological tools, opening new possibilities. This article delves deeply into the concept of "tumor-derived systems”, an umbrella term for tools sourced from the tumor that aid in combatting it. It includes cancer cell membrane-coated nanoparticles (for tumor theranostics), extracellular vesicles (for tumor diagnosis/therapy), tumor cell lysates (for cancer vaccine development), and engineered cancer cells/organoids (for cancer research). This review seeks to offer a complete overview of the tumor-derived materials that are utilized in cancer research, as well as their current stages of development and implementation. It is aimed primarily at researchers working at the interface of cancer biology and biomedical engineering, and it provides vital insights into this fast-growing topic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113
Number of pages52
JournalBiomaterials Research
Publication statusPublished - 09 Nov 2023


  • Extracellular vesicles
  • Cancer research
  • Cancer cell membrane
  • Cancer
  • Tumor organoids
  • Tumor cell lysate


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