TVD-PB Logic Circuit Based on Camouflaging Circuit for IoT Security

Yuejun Zhang, Qiufeng Wu, Pengjun Wang, Liang Wen, Zhicun Luan, Chongyan Gu

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Internet of Things (IoT) devices are vulnerable to many physical attacks, including reverse engineering and side‐channel analysis because the sensitive information of circuits may be leaked through the physical characteristics of the device. A logic camouflaging circuit is proposed that uses a balanced power consumption and threshold voltage‐defined technique to provide an antiphysical attack scheme to protect the hardware security for IoT devices. The proposed circuit uses a symmetric differential pull‐down network in implementing the different logic functions through the threshold voltage reconfiguration
circuit. As a result, the power consumption of the circuit attains balance and stability between two different logical operations. The proposed threshold voltage‐defined powerbalance (TVD‐PB) design is fabricated using a 65‐nm CMOS technology, and the core area occupies approximately 0.0044 mm2, composed of NAND, NOR, XOR, and INV components and multiplier gates of the proposed TVD‐PB circuit. The entire chip passed the logic function tests. The measured results show that the average similarity of the TVD‐PB universal gate is 99.68%. In addition, the current margin is higher than 55 μA and power consumption of 0.455 mW during each clock cycle at 1.2 V derives 0.1072% of the normalized energy deviation and 0.0453% of the normalized standard deviation. Compared with other state‐of‐the‐art techniques, the power dependency against power
attacks is improved effectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIET Circuits, Devices and Systems
Early online date22 Apr 2021
Publication statusEarly online date - 22 Apr 2021


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