Type D personality, stress, coping and performance on a novel sport task

Erika Borkoles, Mariana Kaiseler, Andrew Evans, Chantal Ski, David, R. Thompson , Remco C J Polman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
205 Downloads (Pure)


We investigated (1) the relationship between Type D personality, stress intensity appraisal of a self-selected stressor, coping, and perceived coping effectiveness and (2) the relationship between Type D personality and performance. In study one, 482 athletes completed the Type D personality questionnaire (DS14), stress thermometer and MCOPE in relation to a recently experienced sport stressor. Type D was associated with increased levels of perceived stress and selection of coping strategies (more emotion and avoidance coping) as well as perceptions of their effectiveness. In study two, 32 participants completed a rugby league circuit task and were assessed on pre-performance anxiety, post-performance affect and coping. Type D was associated with poorer performance (reduced distance; more errors), decreases in pre-performance self-confidence and more use of maladaptive resignation/withdrawal coping. Findings suggest that Type D is associated with maladaptive coping and reduced performance. Type D individuals would benefit from interventions related to mood modification or enhancing interpersonal functioning.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0196692
Number of pages15
JournalPloS one
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 26 Apr 2018


  • Journal Article


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