Tyrosine phosphorylation and dephosphorylation in Burkholderia cenocepacia affect biofilm formation, growth under nutritional deprivation, and pathogenicity

Angel Andrade, Faviola Tavares-Carreon, Maryam Khodai-Kalaki, Miguel A. Valvano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Burkholderia cenocepacia, a member of the B. cepacia complex (Bcc), is an opportunistic pathogen causing serious chronic infections in patients with cystic fibrosis. Tyrosine phosphorylation has emerged as an important post-translational modification modulating the physiology and pathogenicity of Bcc bacteria. Here, we investigated the predicted bacterial tyrosine kinases BCAM1331 and BceF, and the low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatases BCAM0208, BceD and BCAL2200 of B. cenocepacia K56-2. We show that BCAM1331, BceF, BCAM0208 and BceD contributed to biofilm formation, while BCAL2200 was required for growth in nutrient-limited conditions. Multiple deletions of either tyrosine kinase or low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatases genes resulted in attenuation of B. cenocepacia intramacrophage survival and reduced pathogenicity in the Galleria mellonella larvae infection model. Experimental evidence indicates that BCAM1331 displays a reduced
tyrosine autophosphorylation activity compared to BceF. Using the artificial substrate p-nitrophenyl phosphate, the phosphatase activity of the three low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatases demonstrated similar kinetic parameters. However, only BCAM0208 and BceD could dephosphorylate BceF. Further, BCAL2200 becomes tyrosine phosphorylated in vivo and catalyzes its auto-dephosphorylation. Together, our data suggest that despite having similar biochemical activities low molecular weight protein tyrosine phosphatases and tyrosine kinases have both overlapping and specific roles in the physiology of B. cenocepacia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)843
Number of pages856
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume82
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 20 Nov 2015

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