Ultrashort Cationic Naphthalene-Derived Self-Assembled Peptides as Antimicrobial Nanomaterials

Garry Laverty, Alice P McCloskey, Brendan F Gilmore, David S Jones, Jie Zhou, Bing Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)
494 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Self-assembling dipeptides conjugated to naphthalene show considerable promise as nanomaterial structures, biomaterials, and drug delivery devices. Biomaterial infections are responsible for high rates of patient mortality and morbidity. The presence of biofilm bacteria, which thrive on implant surfaces, are a huge burden on healthcare budgets, as they are highly resistant to current therapeutic strategies. Ultrashort cationic self-assembled peptides represent a highly innovative and cost-effective strategy to form antibacterial nanomaterials. Lysine conjugated variants display the greatest potency with 2% w/v NapFFKK hydrogels significantly reducing the viable Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilm by 94%. Reducing the size of the R-group methylene chain on cationic moieties resulted in reduction of antibiofilm activity. The primary amine of the protruding R-group tail may not be as readily available to interact with negatively charged bacterial membranes. Cryo-SEM, FTIR, CD spectroscopy, and oscillatory rheology provided evidence of supramolecular hydrogel formation at physiological pH (pH 7.4). Cytotoxicity assays against murine fibroblast (NCTC 929) cell lines confirmed the gels possessed reduced cytotoxicity relative to bacterial cells, with limited hemolysis upon exposure to equine erythrocytes. The results presented in this paper highlight the significant potential of ultrashort cationic naphthalene peptides as future biomaterials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3429 − 3439
Number of pages11
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume15
Issue number9
Early online date28 Jul 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 08 Sep 2014

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  • Activities

    • 1 Participation in workshop, seminar, course

    NI AMR Network Workshop - Tackling AMR

    Garry Laverty (Invited speaker)

    03 Sep 2015

    Activity: Participating in or organising an event typesParticipation in workshop, seminar, course

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