Ultraviolet emission lines of Si II in cool star and solar spectra

Sibasish Laha, Francis P. Keenan, Gary J. Ferland, Catherine A. Ramsbottom, Kanti M. Aggarwal, Thomas R. Ayres, Marios Chatzikos, Peter A M Van Hoof, Robin J R Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recent atomic physics calculations for Si II are employed within the CLOUDY modelling code to analyse Hubble Space Telescope (HST) STIS ultraviolet spectra of three cool stars, β Geminorum, α Centauri A and B, as well as previously published HST/GHRS observations of α Tau, plus solar quiet Sun data from the High Resolution Telescope and Spectrograph. Discrepancies found previously between theory and observation for line intensity ratios involving the 3s23p 2PJ-3s3p2 4PJ' intercombination multiplet of Si II at ~ 2335 Å are significantly reduced, as are those for ratios containing the 3s23p 2PJ-3s3p2 2DJ ~ transitions at ~1816 Å. This is primarily due to the effect of the new Si II transition probabilities. However, these atomic data are not only very different from previous calculations, but also show large disagreements with measurements, specifically those of Calamai et al. for the intercombination lines. New measurements of transition probabilities for Si II are hence urgently required to confirm (or otherwise) the accuracy of the recently calculated values. If the new calculations are confirmed, then a long-standing discrepancy between theory and observation will have finally been resolved. However, if the older measurements are found to be correct, then the agreement between theory and observation is simply a coincidence and the existing discrepancies remain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3405-3412
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume455
Issue number3
Early online date29 Nov 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • Atomic processes
  • Stars: late-type
  • Sun: UV radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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    Laha, S., Keenan, F. P., Ferland, G. J., Ramsbottom, C. A., Aggarwal, K. M., Ayres, T. R., Chatzikos, M., Van Hoof, P. A. M., & Williams, R. J. R. (2016). Ultraviolet emission lines of Si II in cool star and solar spectra. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 455(3), 3405-3412. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv2566