This paper examines a large structural component and its supply chain. The component is representative of that used in the production of civil transport aircraft and is manufactured from carbon fibre epoxy resin prepreg, using traditional hand layup and autoclave cure. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is used to predict the component’s production carbon emissions. The results determine the distribution of carbon emissions within the supply chain, identifying the dominant production processes as carbon fibre manufacture and composite part manufacture. The elevated temperature processes of material and part creation, and the associated electricity usage, have a significant impact on the overall production emissions footprint. The paper also demonstrates the calculation of emissions footprint sensitivity to the geographic location and associated energy sources of the supply chain. The results verify that the proposed methodology is capable of quantitatively linking component and supply chain specifics to manufacturing processes and thus identifying the design drivers for carbon emissions in the manufacturing life of the component.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
|Event||Irish Manufacturing Conference, IMC32 - Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom|
Duration: 03 Sep 2015 → 04 Sep 2015
|Conference||Irish Manufacturing Conference, IMC32|
|Period||03/09/2015 → 04/09/2015|
Chua, M. H., Smyth, B. M., Murphy, A., & Butterfield, J. (2015). Understanding aerospace composite components' supply chain carbon emissions. Paper presented at Irish Manufacturing Conference, IMC32, Belfast, United Kingdom. http://www.qub.ac.uk/sites/imc32/