Understanding the Hangover Experience in Canadian Adults: A Latent Class Analysis of Hangover Symptom Patterns and their Alcohol Related Correlates

Gillian W. Shorter, Michelle Murphy, John A Cunningham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
117 Downloads (Pure)


Aim: Given the common nature of hangover experience amongst drinkers, this study aimed to profile hangover experience in terms of the number and patterns of past year symptoms.Methods: Current drinkers in Canada (n=565) recruited through zoompanel were asked about 13 past year hangover symptoms. These were explored through correlation with alcohol consumption, problems, treatment, and other factors.Findings: Increased number of symptoms were associated with higher AUDIT problem score, perceived harm from drinking, younger age, and flushing/blushing when drinking (Mean=3.3 symptoms). Four patterns were found from Latent Class Analysis; class 4 (43%) no symptoms; class 3 (13%) thirst, tiredness, headache, nausea, and vomiting; class 2 (22%) thirst, tiredness, and headache; and class 1 (21%) wide range. Class 1 were characterized by blushing when drinking, higher perceived harm, and attempts to reduce drinking due to hangovers. Classes 1-3 were associated with heavier consumption; only class 3 compared to class 4 had lower drinking refusal self-efficacy. Conclusions: Higher alcohol consumption and lower drinking refusal self-efficacy relate to more symptoms; however, a group with variable alcohol consumption did not experience hangovers. The link between problems, treatment, and hangover was not clear from patterns of symptoms; symptom severity may be worth further investigation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalDrugs: Education, Prevention and Policy
Issue number2
Early online date12 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 04 Mar 2017

Bibliographical note

from Cross Mark at DOI

Understanding the hangover experience in Canadian adults: A latent class analysis of hangover symptom patterns and their alcohol-related correlates

Crossref DOI link: https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2016.1178709

Published: 2017-03-04

Update policy: https://doi.org/10.1080/TANDF_CROSSMARK_01


  • Hangover
  • alcohol consumption
  • Hangover Symptoms Scale
  • latent class analysis
  • alcohol problems
  • alcohol hangover
  • hangover experience
  • Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test


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