Understanding the Performance of Melt-Extruded Poly(ethylene oxide)–Bicalutamide Solid Dispersions: Characterisation of Microstructural Properties Using Thermal, Spectroscopic and Drug Release Methods

Osama A. Abu-Diak, David S. Jones, Gavin P. Andrews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, we have prepared hot-melt-extruded solid dispersions of bicalutamide (BL) using poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) as a matrix platform. Prior to preparation, miscibility of PEO and BL was assessed using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The onset of BL melting was signi?cantly depressed in the presence of PEO, and using Flory– Huggins (FH) theory, we identi?ed a negative value of -3.4, con?rming miscibility. Additionally, using FH lattice theory, we estimated the Gibbs free energy of mixing which was shown to be negative, passing through a minimum at a polymer fraction of 0.55. Using these data, solid dispersions at drug-to-polymer ratios of 1:10, 2:10 and 3:10 were prepared via hot-melt extrusion. Using a combination of DSC, powder X-ray diffractometry and scanning electron
microscopy, amorphous dispersions of BL were con?rmed at the lower two drug loadings. At the 3:10 BL to PEO ratio, crystalline BL was detected. The percent crystallinity of PEO was reduced by approximately 10% in all formulations following extrusion. The increased amorphous content within PEO following extrusion accommodated amorphous BL at drug to polymer loadings up to 2:10; however, the increased amorphous domains with PEO following extrusion were not suf?cient to fully accommodate BL at drug-to-polymer ratios of 3:10.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-213
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Volume101
Issue number1
Early online date08 Sep 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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