Understanding the relationship between solar coronal abundances and F10.7 cm radio emission

Andy S. H. To*, Alexander W. James, T. S. Bastian, Lidia van Driel-Gesztelyi, David M. Long, Deborah Baker, David H. Brooks, Samantha Lomuscio, David Stansby, Gherardo Valori

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Sun-as-a-star coronal plasma composition, derived from full-Sun spectra, and the F10.7 radio flux (2.8 GHz) have been shown to be highly correlated (r = 0.88) during solar cycle 24. However, this correlation becomes nonlinear during increased solar magnetic activity. Here we use cotemporal, high spatial resolution, multiwavelength images of the Sun to investigate the underlying causes of the nonlinearity between coronal composition (FIP bias) and F10.7 solar index correlation. Using the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array, Hinode/EIS (EUV Imaging Spectrometer), and the Solar Dynamics Observatory, we observed a small active region, AR 12759, throughout the solar atmosphere from the photosphere to the corona. The results of this study show that the magnetic field strength (flux density) in active regions plays an important role in the variability of coronal abundances, and it is likely the main contributing factor to this nonlinearity during increased solar activity. Coronal abundances above cool sunspots are lower than in dispersed magnetic plage regions. Strong magnetic concentrations are associated with stronger F10.7 cm gyroresonance emission. Considering that as the solar cycle moves from minimum to maximum, the sizes of sunspots and their field strength increase with the gyroresonance component, the distinctly different tendencies of radio emission and coronal abundances in the vicinity of sunspots is the likely cause of saturation of Sun-as-a-star coronal abundances during solar maximum, while the F10.7 index remains well correlated with the sunspot number and other magnetic field proxies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number121
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 2023


  • 360
  • The Sun and the Heliosphere


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