Understanding the synthesis of directly spinnable carbon nanotube forests

C.P. Huynh, Stephen Hawkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

133 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon nanotube forests that can be spun directly from the growth substrate into pure, highly aligned webs, ribbons or yarn promise novel applications that capture the strength and other characteristics of this material. The precise conditions for high spinnability over a maximum proportion of the reactor space are extremely sensitive. The roles of catalyst, substrate, temperature, gas flow rates, reaction time with acetylene etc. were studied to identify and understand the key parameters and develop a robust, scalable process. Using a 44 mm (id) reactor, the optimum values for these variables were determined as comprising a 2.3 nm thick iron catalyst layer on a silicon substrate with 50 nm of thermal oxide; 670 °C running temperature; 650 sccm helium and 34 sccm acetylene for 20 min. The effects of deviating from these optima were explored and the role of amorphous carbon deposition clarified. Crown
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1105-1115
Number of pages11
JournalCarbon
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Apr 2010

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