Uplink Spectral and Energy Efficiency of Cell-Free Massive MIMO with Optimal Uniform Quantization

Manijeh Bashar, Hien-Quoc Ngo, Kanapathippillai Cumanan, Alister G. Burr, Pei Xiao, Emil Björnson, Erik G. Larsson

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4 Citations (Scopus)
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This paper investigates the performance of limited fronthaul cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) taking account the fronthaul quantization and imperfect channel acquisition. Three cases are studied, which we refer to as Estimate&Quantize, Quantize&Estimate, and Decentralized, according to where channel estimation is performed and exploited. Maximum-ratio combining (MRC), zero-forcing (ZF), and minimum mean-square error (MMSE) receivers are considered. The Max algorithm and the Bussgang decomposition are exploited to model optimum uniform quantization. Exploiting the optimal step size of the quantizer, analytical expressions for spectral and energy efficiencies are presented. Finally, an access point (AP) assignment algorithm is proposed to improve the performance of the decentralized scheme. Numerical results investigate the performance gap between limited fronthaul and perfect fronthaul cases, and demonstrate that exploiting relatively few quantization bits, the performance of limited-fronthaul cell-free massive MIMO closely approaches the perfect-fronthaul performance.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Early online date05 Oct 2020
Publication statusEarly online date - 05 Oct 2020


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