Use of agro-industrial by-products containing tannins for the integrated control of gastrointestinal nematodes in ruminants

Hervé Hoste*, Griselda Meza-Ocampos, Sarah Marchand, Smaragda Sotiraki, Katerina Sarasti, Berit M. Blomstrand, Andrew R. Williams, Stig M. Thamsborg, Spiridoula Athanasiadou, Heidi L. Enemark, Juan Felipe Torres Acosta, Gabriella Mancilla-Montelongo, Carlos Sandoval Castro, Livio M. Costa-Junior, Helder Louvandini, Dauana Mesquita Sousa, Juha Pekka Salminen, Maarit Karonen, Marika Engstrom, Johannes CharlierVincent Niderkorn, Eric R. Morgan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
32 Downloads (Pure)


Previous studies have illustrated that different bioactive legume fodders containing condensed tannins might represent one of the options for integrated sustainable control of gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in ruminants, which may help address the worldwide development of resistance to synthetic anthelmintics. More recently, impetus has been given to assess the potential antiparasitic activity of less conventional resources, represented by different agro-industrial by-products (AIBPs). This review presents in vitro and in vivo results obtained with a range of tannin-containing AIBPs of various geographical and botanical origins, namely AIBP of nuts, temperate and tropical barks, carob, coffee and cocoa. They tend to confirm the "proof of concept"for their antiparasitic effects and also for other aspects of ruminant production in an agro-ecological context. Socio-economic aspects of the exploitation of such non-conventional resources are also discussed as potential models of the circular economy, by using waste. The different modes of use of these resources are presented in this review, as well as strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analyses to illustrate the advantages and limitations of on-farm use.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgements. This review is based upon work from COST Action COMBAR CA16230, supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology). This is also part to the LIFE project MICLIFEED (LIFE20 CCM/GR/001703)

Funding Information:
– the co-authors of Brazil were financed in part by the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior – Brasil (CAPES) – Finance Code 001, and,

Funding Information:
– ERM acknowledges the support of UK Research and Innovation grant BB/S014748/1.

Funding Information:
– the co-authors of Denmark, Norway and Scotland wish to acknowledge financial help from the BarkCure project, funded by the Norwegian Research Council through the Bionær programme, grant number 268264,

Publisher Copyright:


  • Anthelmintic resistance
  • Circular economy
  • Gastrointestinal nematodes
  • Plant secondary metabolites
  • Plant specialised metabolites
  • Tannins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary (miscalleneous)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases


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