Use of metabotyping for the delivery of personalised nutrition

Clare B. O'Donovan, Marianne C. Walsh, Anne P. Nugent, Breige Mcnulty, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Michael J. Gibney, Eileen R. Gibney, Lorraine Brennan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Scope: Personalised nutrition can be defined as dietary advice that is tailored to an individual. In recent years, the concept of targeted nutrition has evolved, which involves delivering specific dietary advice to a group of phenotypically similar individuals or metabotypes. This study examined whether cluster analysis could be used to define metabotypes and developed a strategy for the delivery of targeted dietary advice. Method and results: K-means clustering was employed to identify clusters based on four markers of metabolic health (triacylglycerols, total cholesterol, direct HDL cholesterol and glucose) (n = 896) using data from the National Adult Nutrition Survey. A decision tree approach was developed for the delivery of targeted dietary advice per cluster based on biochemical characteristics, anthropometry and blood pressure. The appropriateness of the advice was tested by comparison with individualised dietary advice manually compiled (n = 99). A mean match of 89.1% between the methods was demonstrated with a 100% match for two-thirds of participants. Conclusion: Good agreement was found between the individualised and targeted methods demonstrating the ability of this framework to deliver targeted dietary advice. This approach has the potential to be a fast and novel method for the delivery of targeted nutrition in clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-385
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Nutrition and Food Research
Volume59
Issue number3
Early online date20 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Cluster analysis
  • Decision trees
  • Metabotypes
  • Personalised nutrition
  • Targeted nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science

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