Using a novel petroselinic acid embedded cellulose acetate membrane to mimic plant partitioning and in vivo uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

X.Y. Li, Y.H. Zhu, T. Wu, S.Z. Zhang, Peter Christie

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Abstract

A new type of composite membrane is introduced to mimic plant uptake of hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs). Petroselinic acid (cis-6-octadecenoic acid), the major component of plant lipids, was embedded in the matrix of cellulose acetate polymer to form the petroselinic acid embedded cellulose acetate membrane (PECAM). Accumulation of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) naphthalene (Nap), phenanthrene (Phe), pyrene (Pyr), and benz(a)pyrene (Bap) by PECAM was compared with their uptake by plants. The accumulation of Nap, Phe, Pyr, and Bap by PECAM reached equilibrium in 24, 48, 144, and 192 h, respectively. The petroselinic acid−water partition coefficients (log Kpw, 3.37, 4.90, 5.24, and 6.28 for Nap, Phe, Pyr, and Bap, respectively) were positively correlated with the hydrophobicity of the compounds (R2 = 0.995) and were almost the same as the lipid-normalized root partition coefficients (log Klip) for the corresponding compounds. Their relationship can be expressed as log Kpw = 0.98 log Klip. The normalized plant uptake coefficients (log Ku) obtained by in vivo experiments with a range of plant species (2.92, 4.43, 5.06, and 6.13 on average for Nap, Phe, Pyr, and Bap, respectively) were slightly lower than those of the log Kpw values for the corresponding compounds, presumably due to their acropetal translocation and biodegradation inside plants. This work suggests that PECAMs can well mimic plant partitioning and in vivo uptake of PAHs and may have good potential as a nonliving accumulator to mimic plant uptake of PAHs and perhaps other HOCs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)297-301
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume44
Issue number1
Early online date01 Dec 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry

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