Utilisation of Ambient Laser Desorption Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (ALDI-MS) Improves Lipid-Based Microbial Species Level Identification

Simon J S Cameron, Zsolt Bodai, Burak Temelkuran, Alvaro Perdones-Montero, Frances Bolt, Adam Burke, Kate Alexander-Hardiman, Michel Salzet, Isabelle Fournier, Monica Rebec, Zoltán Takáts

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Abstract

The accurate and timely identification of the causative organism of infection is important in ensuring the optimum treatment regimen is prescribed for a patient. Rapid evaporative ionisation mass spectrometry (REIMS), using electrical diathermy for the thermal disruption of a sample, has been shown to provide fast and accurate identification of microorganisms directly from culture. However, this method requires contact to be made between the REIMS probe and microbial biomass; resulting in the necessity to clean or replace the probes between analyses. Here, optimisation and utilisation of ambient laser desorption ionisation (ALDI) for improved speciation accuracy and analytical throughput is shown. Optimisation was completed on 15 isolates of Escherichia coli, showing 5 W in pulsatile mode produced the highest signal-to-noise ratio. These parameters were used in the analysis of 150 clinical isolates from ten microbial species, resulting in a speciation accuracy of 99.4% - higher than all previously reported REIMS modalities. Comparison of spectral data showed high levels of similarity between previously published electrical diathermy REIMS data. ALDI does not require contact to be made with the sample during analysis, meaning analytical throughput can be substantially improved, and further, increases the range of sample types which can be analysed in potential direct-from-sample pathogen detection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3006
Number of pages8
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Cameron, S. J. S., Bodai, Z., Temelkuran, B., Perdones-Montero, A., Bolt, F., Burke, A., Alexander-Hardiman, K., Salzet, M., Fournier, I., Rebec, M., & Takáts, Z. (2019). Utilisation of Ambient Laser Desorption Ionisation Mass Spectrometry (ALDI-MS) Improves Lipid-Based Microbial Species Level Identification. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 3006. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-39815-w