Vaginal birth after caesarean section prediction models: a UK comparative observational study

Fionnuala Mone*, Conor Harrity, Adam Mackie, Ricardo Segurado, Brenda Toner, Timothy R McCormick, Aoife Currie, Fionnuala M. McAuliffe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Primarily, to assess the performance of three statistical models in predicting successful vaginal birth in patients attempting a trial of labour after one previous lower segment caesarean section (TOLAC). The statistically most reliable models were subsequently subjected to validation testing in a local antenatal population.

Study design: A retrospective observational study was performed with study data collected from the Northern Ireland Maternity Service Database (NIMATs). The study population included all women that underwent a TOLAC (n=385) from 2010 to 2012 in a regional UK obstetric unit. Data was collected from the Northern Ireland Maternity Service Database (NIMATs). Area under the curve (AUC) and correlation analysis was performed.

Results: Of the three prediction models evaluated, AUC calculations for the Smith et al., Grobman et al. and Troyer and Parisi Models were 0.74, 0.72 and 0.65, respectively. Using the Smith et al. model, 52% of women had a low risk of caesarean section (CS) (predicted VBAC >72%) and 20% had a high risk of CS (predicted VBAC <60%), of whom 20% and 63% had delivery by CS. The fit between observed and predicted outcome in this study cohort using the Smith et al. and Grobman et al. models were greatest (Chi-square test, p=0.228 and 0.904), validating both within the population.

Conclusion: The Smith et al. and Grobman et al. models could potentially be utilized within the UK to provide women with an informed choice when deciding on mode of delivery after a previous CS.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-139
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume193
Early online date24 Aug 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Vaginal Birth after Cesarean
  • Prediction models

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