Validation of a high-throughput immunobead array technique for multiplex detection of three foodborne pathogens in chicken products

Ratthaphol Charlermroj, Manlika Makornwattana, Irene R. Grant, Christopher T. Elliott, Nitsara Karoonuthaisiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study rigorously evaluated a previously developed immunobead array method to simultaneously detect three important foodborne pathogens, Campylobacter jejuni, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella spp., for its actual application in routine food testing. Due to the limitation of the detection limit of the developed method, an enrichment step was included in this study by using Campylobacter Enrichment Broth for C. jejuni and Universal Pre-enrichment Broth for L. monocytogenes and Salmonella spp.. The findings show that the immunobead array method was capable of detecting as low as 1 CFU of the pathogens spiked in the culture media after being cultured for 24 hours for all three pathogens. The immunobead array method was further evaluated for its pathogen detection capabilities in ready-to-eat (RTE) and ready-to-cook (RTC) chicken samples and proven to be able to detect as low as 1 CFU of the pathogens spiked in the food samples after being cultured for 24 hours in the case of Salmonella spp., and L. monocytogenes and 48 hours in the case of C. jejuni. The method was subsequently validated with three types of chicken products (RTE, n=30; RTC, n=20; raw chicken, n=20) and was found to give the same results as the conventional plating method. Our findings demonstrated that the previously developed immunobead array method could be used for actual food testing with minimal enrichment period of only 52 hours, whereas the conventional ISO protocols for the same pathogens take 90-144 hours. The immunobead array was therefore an inexpensive, rapid and simple method for the food testing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-54
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Food Microbiology
Volume224
Early online date27 Feb 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02 May 2016

Keywords

  • Immunobead array
  • Salmonella spp.
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Campylobacter jejuni
  • multiplex detection
  • chicken

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