Variations of radiocarbon in tree rings: Southern hemisphere offset preliminary results

F. G. McCormac*, A. G. Hogg, T. F.G. Higham, M. G.L. Baillie, J. G. Palmer, Limin Xiong, J. R. Pilcher, David Brown, S. T. Hoper

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


The Queen's University of Belfast, Northern Ireland and University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand radiocarbon laboratories have undertaken a series of high-precision measurements on decadal samples of dendrochronologically dated oak (Quercus patrea) and cedar (Libocedrus bidwillii) from Great Britain and New Zealand, respectively. The results show a real atmospheric offset of 3.4 ± 0.6‰ (27.2 ± 4.7 14C yr) between the two locations for the interval AD 1725 to AD 1885, with the Southern Hemisphere being depleted in 14C. This result is less than the value currently used to correct Southern Hemisphere calibrations, possibly indicating a gradient in Δ 14C within the Southern Hemisphere.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1153-1159
Number of pages7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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