Viral filtration using carbon-based materials

Rupy Kaur Matharu, Harshit Porwal, Biqiong Chen, Lena Ciric, Mohan Edirisinghe

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Abstract

Viral infections alone are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and have a detrimental impact on global healthcare and socio‐economic development. The discovery of novel antiviral treatments has gained tremendous attention and support with the rising number of viral outbreaks. In this work, carbonaceous materials, including graphene nanoplatelets and graphene oxide nanosheets, were investigated for antiviral properties. The materials were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Analysis showed the materials to be two‐dimensional with lateral dimensions ranging between 1 and 4 µm for graphene oxide and 110 ± 0.11 nm for graphene nanoplatelets. Antiviral properties were assessed against a DNA virus model microorganism at concentrations of 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 wt/v%. Both carbonaceous nanomaterials exhibited potent antiviral properties and gave rise to a viral reduction of 100% across all concentrations tested. Graphene oxide nanosheets were then incorporated into polymeric fibres, and their antiviral behaviour was examined after 3 and 24 hr. A viral reduction of 39% was observed after 24 hr of exposure. The research presented here showcases, for the first time, the antiviral potential of several carbonaceous nanomaterials, also included in a carrier polymer. These outcomes can be translated and implemented in many fields and devices to prevent viral spread and infection.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere10107
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Devices & Sensors
Volume3
Early online date15 Apr 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2020

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