Viral Lobbying

Michele Crepaz, Wiebke Marie Junk, Marcel Hanegraaff, Joost Berkhout

Research output: Book/ReportBook

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Pandemic policies have been the focus of fierce lobbying competition by different social and economic interests. In Viral Lobbying a team of expert authors from across the social and natural sciences analyse patterns in and implications of this ‘viral lobbying’. Based on elite surveys and focus group interviews with selected groups, the book provides new evidence on the lobbying strategies used during the COVID 19 pandemic, as well as the resulting access to and lobbying influence on public policy. The empirical analyses reach across eight European countries (Austria, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom), as well as the EU-level. In particular, the book draws on responses from approximately 1,600 interest organisations in two waves of a cross-country survey (in 2020 and 2021, respectively). This quantitative data is supplemented by qualitative evidence from a series of 12 focus groups with organised interests in Ireland, Denmark and the Netherlands conducted in spring 2021.

An encompassing approach to the study of lobbying in COVID-19 times
An insight into how interest representation adapts to circumstances
Evidence from a series of 12 focus groups
Data from 2 waves of a cross-country survey in 9 European polities
Original languageEnglish
PublisherDe Gruyter
ISBN (Electronic)9783110783148
ISBN (Print)9783110783902
Publication statusPublished - 13 Oct 2022

Publication series

NameViral Politics
PublisherDe Gruyter
ISSN (Print)2747-6863
ISSN (Electronic)2747-6871


  • Lobbying
  • COVID-19
  • Public Policy
  • Politics
  • Interest groups


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