Visual target separation determines the extent of generalisation between opposing visuomotor rotations

Daniel G Woolley, Aymar de Rugy, Richard G Carson, Stephan Riek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we investigated the influence of angular separation between visual and motor targets on concurrent adaptation to two opposing visuomotor rotations. We inferred the extent of generalisation between opposing visuomotor rotations at individual target locations based on whether interference (negative transfer) was present. Our main finding was that dual adaptation occurred to opposing visuomotor rotations when each was associated with different visual targets but shared a common motor target. Dual adaptation could have been achieved either within a single sensorimotor map (i.e. with different mappings associated with different ranges of visual input), or by forming two different internal models (the selection of which would be based on contextual information provided by target location). In the present case, the pattern of generalisation was dependent on the relative position of the visual targets associated with each rotation. Visual targets nearest the workspace of the opposing visuomotor rotation exhibited the most interference (i.e. generalisation). When the minimum angular separation between visual targets was increased, the extent of interference was reduced. These results suggest that the separation in the range of sensory inputs is the critical requirement to support dual adaptation within a single sensorimotor mapping.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-24
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental brain research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Experimentation cerebrale
Volume212
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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