Vitamin D receptor as a marker of prognosis in oesophageal adenocarcinoma: a prospective cohort study

Stephen McCain*, James Trainor, Damian T. McManus, Una C. McMenamin, Stephen McQuaid, Victoria Bingham, Jacqueline A. James, Manuel Salto-Tellez, Richard C. Turkington, Helen G. Coleman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
229 Downloads (Pure)


Aims: Vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression has been associated with survival in several cancer sites. This study aims to evaluate the association between VDR expression and prognosis in oesophageal adenocarcinoma patients.

Results: During a median of 2.5 (maximum 9) years of follow-up, 75 patients died. In analysis adjusted for confounders, higher VDR expression was associated with an improved overall survival (HR 0.49 95% CI 0.25–0.96) and disease-specific survival (HR 0.50 95% CI 0.26–0.99), when comparing the highest with the lowest tertile of expression. These associations were strongest in sensitivity analysis restricted to junctional tumours.

Conclusions: This study is the first to demonstrate that patients with higher VDR expression in oesophageal adenocarcinoma have a more favourable prognosis. Further work is needed to validate these findings, and to define the role of VDR in the aetiology, progression and management of oesophageal adenocarcinoma.

Methods: Oesophageal adenocarcinoma specimens and clinical data were collected from 130 patients treated with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy prior to surgical resection at the Northern Ireland Cancer Centre between 2004 and 2012. Tissue microarrays were created and immunohistochemical staining for VDR was performed on triplicate tumour cores from each resection specimen. Cox proportional hazards models were applied to evaluate associations between VDR, according to tertiles of expression, and survival outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34347-34356
Number of pages10
Issue number76
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2018


  • Oesophageal adenocarcinoma
  • Oesophageal cancer
  • Vitamin D receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology


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