Vitamins C and E for prevention of pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes (DAPIT): a randomised placebo-controlled trial.

David McCance, Valerie Holmes, M.J.A. Maresh, Christopher Patterson, James Walker, Donald Pearson, Ian Young

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Results of several trials of antioxidant use during pregnancy have not shown a reduction in pre-eclampsia, but the eff ect in women with diabetes is unknown. We aimed to assess whether supplementation with vitamins C and E reduced incidence of pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes.

We enrolled women from 25 UK antenatal metabolic clinics in a multicentre randomised placebo-controlled trial. Eligibility criteria were type 1 diabetes preceding pregnancy, presentation between 8 weeks’ and 22 weeks’ gestation, singleton pregnancy, and age 16 years or older. Women were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to receive1000 mg vitamin C and 400 IU vitamin E (a-tocopherol) or matched placebo daily until delivery. The randomisation sequence was stratifi ed by centre with balanced blocks of eight patients. All trial personnel and participants were masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was pre-eclampsia, which we defi ned as gestational hypertension with proteinuria. Analysis was by modifi ed intention to treat. This study is registered, ISRCTN27214045.

Between April, 2003, and June, 2008, 762 women were randomly allocated to treatment groups (379 vitamin supplementation, 383 placebo). The primary endpoint was assessed for 375 women allocated to receive vitamins, and 374 allocated to placebo. Rates of pre-eclampsia did not differ between vitamin (15%, n=57) and placebo (19%, 70)groups (risk ratio 0·81, 95% CI 0·59–1·12). No adverse maternal or neonatal outcomes were reported.

Supplementation with vitamins C and E did not reduce risk of pre-eclampsia in women with type 1 diabetes. However, the possibility that vitamin supplementation might be benefi cial in women with a low antioxidant status at baseline needs further testing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-266
Number of pages8
JournalThe Lancet
Issue number9737
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jul 2010

Bibliographical note

Unrecognised author: 'for the Diabetes and Pre-eclampsia Intervention Trial (DAPIT) Study Group'

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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