Vitreomacular interface abnormalities in the Ghanaian African

Winfried Amoaku, Laura Cushley, Vittorio Silvestri, Stephen Akafo, Kwesi N Amissah-Arthur, Seth Lartey, Courtney N Hageman, Christian M. Pappas, William C Hubbard, Paul S Bernstein, Albert Vitale, Megan Roberts, Gianni Virgili, Gregory Hageman, Giuliana Silvestri, the Ghana AMD Study Group

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Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Describe vitreomacular interface abnormalities (VMIA) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), and correlations with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) grade in Ghanaian Africans. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Prospective, cross-sectional study of adults aged ≥50 years recruited in Ghana AMD Study. Participant demographics, medical histories, ophthalmic examination, digital colour fundus photography (CFP) were obtained. Highresolution five-line raster OCT, Macular Cube 512 × 128 scans, and additional line scans in areas of clinical abnormality, were acquired. SD-OCT VMI features classified by International Vitreomacular Traction Study Group system and relationships to AMD grade were evaluated. Outcomes: VMIA prevalence, posterior vitreous detachment (PVD), vitreomacular adhesions (VMA), vitreomacular traction (VMT), epiretinal membranes (ERM), correlations with AMD grade. RESULTS: The full Ghana AMD cohort included 718 participants; 624 participants (1248 eyes) aged ≥50 years (range = 50–101, mean = 68.8), 68.9% female were included in this analysis. CFP with OCT scans were available for 776 eyes (397 participants); 707 (91.1%) had gradable CFP and OCT scans for both AMD and VMI grading forming the dataset for this report. PVD was absent in 504 (71.3%); partial and complete PVD occurred in 16.7% and 12.0% respectively. PVD did not increase with age (p = 0.720). VMIA without traction and macular holes were observed in 12.2% of eyes; 87.8% had no abnormalities. VMIA was not significantly correlated with AMD grade (p = 0.819). CONCLUSIONS: This provides the first assessment of VMIA in Ghanaian Africans. VMIA are common in Africans; PVD may be less common than in Caucasians. There was no significant association of AMD grade with VMIA.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalEye
Early online date29 Sept 2023
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 29 Sept 2023

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