WASP-19b: The Shortest Period Transiting Exoplanet Yet Discovered

Don Pollacco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report on the discovery of a new extremely short period transiting extrasolar planet, WASP-19b. The planet has mass M pl = 1.15 ± 0.08 MJ , radius R pl = 1.31 ± 0.06 RJ , and orbital period P = 0.7888399 ± 0.0000008 days. Through spectroscopic analysis, we determine the host star to be a slightly super-solar metallicity ([M/H] = 0.1 ± 0.1 dex) G-dwarf with T eff = 5500 ± 100 K. In addition, we detect periodic, sinusoidal flux variations in the light curve which are used to derive a rotation period for the star of P rot = 10.5 ± 0.2 days. The relatively short stellar rotation period suggests that either WASP-19 is somewhat young (~ 600 Myr old) or tidal interactions between the two bodies have caused the planet to spiral inward over its lifetime resulting in the spin-up of the star. Due to the detection of the rotation period, this system has the potential to place strong constraints on the stellar tidal quality factor, Q' s , if a more precise age is determined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-231
Number of pages8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume708
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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