Waste Management and Sustainability during the Design Phase of a Construction Project: A Qualitative Review

Daniel M. J. Clarke-Hagan, John P. Spillane, Ron Coates

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    Waste management and sustainability are two core underlying philosophies that the construction sector must acknowledge and implement; however, this can prove difficult and time consuming. To this end, the aim of this paper is to examine waste management strategies and the possible benefits, advantages and disadvantages to their introduction and use, while also to examine any inter-relationship with sustainability, particularly at the design stage. The purpose of this paper is to gather, examine and review published works and investigate factors which influence economic decisions at the design phase of a construction project. In addressing this aim, a three tiered sequential research approach is adopted; in-depth literature review, interviews/focus groups and qualitative analysis. The resulting data is analyzed, discussed, with potential conclusions identified; paying particular attention to implications for practice within architectural firms. This research is of importance, particularly to the architectural sector, as it can add to the industry’s understanding of the design process, while also considering the application and integration of waste management into the design procedure. Results indicate that the researched topic had many advantages but also had inherent disadvantages. It was found that the potential advantages outweighed disadvantages, but uptake within industry was still slow and that better promotion and their benefits to; sustainability, the environment, society and the industry were required.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-13
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Civil Engineering and Architecture Research
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


    • architectural design
    • qualitative methodology
    • Sustainability
    • Waste Management


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