Water-in-CO2 microemulsions stabilized by an efficient catanionic surfactant

Masanobu Sagisaka, Tatsuya Saito, Tatsuya, Abe Masashi, Atsushi Yoshizawa, Marijana Blesic, Sarah Rogers, Alexander Shirin, Frederic Guittard, Christopher Hill, Julian Eastoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
105 Downloads (Pure)


To facilitate potential applications of water-in-supercritical CO2 microemulsions (W/CO2 μEs)
efficient and environmentally responsible surfactants are required with low levels fluorination. As well
as being able to stabilize water-CO2 interfaces, these surfactants must also be economical, prevent bioaccumulation and strong adhesion, deactivation of enzymes, and also be tolerant to high salt environments.
Recently, an ion paired catanionic surfactant with environmentally-acceptable fluorinated C6-tails was
found to be very effective at stabilizing W/CO2 μEs with high water-to-surfactant molar ratios (W0) up to
~50 (Sagisaka, M. et al. Langmuir, 2019, 35, 3445–3454). As the cationic and anionic constituent
surfactants alone did not stabilize W/CO2 μEs, this was the first demonstration of surfactant synergistic
effects in W/CO2 microemulsions. The aim of this new study is to understand the origin of these intriguing
effects by detailed investigations of nanostructure in W/CO2 microemulsions using high pressure smallangle neutron scattering (HP-SANS). These HP-SANS experiments have been used to determine the
headgroup interfacial area and volume, aggregation number and effective packing parameter (EPP). These
SANS data suggest the effectiveness of this surfactant originates from increased EPP and decreased
hydrophilic/CO2-philic balance, related to a reduced effective headgroup ionicity. This surfactant bears
separate C6F13-tails and oppositely-charged headgroups, and was found to have a EPP value similar to
that of a double C4F9-tail anionic surfactant (4FG(EO)2), which was previously reported to be one of most
efficient stabilizers for W/CO2 μEs (maximum W0 = 60-80). Catanionic surfactants based on this new
design will be key for generating super-efficient W/CO2 μEs with high stability and water solubilization.
Original languageEnglish
Early online date12 Jun 2020
Publication statusEarly online date - 12 Jun 2020


Dive into the research topics of 'Water-in-CO2 microemulsions stabilized by an efficient catanionic surfactant'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this