Wave Damping Observed in Upwardly Propagating Sausage-Mode Oscillations Contained within a Magnetic Pore

S. D. T. Grant, D. B. Jess, M. G. Moreels, R. J. Morton, D. J. Christian, I. Giagkiozis, G. Verth, V. Fedun, P. H. Keys, T. Van Doorsselaere, R. Erdélyi

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We present observational evidence of compressible MHD wave modes propagating from the solar photosphere through to the base of the transition region in a solar magnetic pore. High cadence images were obtained simultaneously across four wavelength bands using the Dunn Solar Telescope. Employing Fourier and wavelet techniques, sausage-mode oscillations displaying significant power were detected in both intensity and area fluctuations. The intensity and area fluctuations exhibit a range of periods from 181 to 412 s, with an average period∼290 s, consistent with the global p-mode spectrum. Intensity and area oscillations present in adjacent band passes were found to be out of phase with one another, displaying phase angles of 6.°12, 5.°82,and 15.°97 between the 4170 Å continuum–G-band,G-band–Na i D1, and Na i D1–Ca ii K heights, respectively, reiterating the presence of upwardly propagating sausage-mode waves. A phase relationship of ∼0° between same-bandpass emission and area perturbations of the pore best categorizes the waves as belonging to the “slow” regime of a dispersion diagram. Theoretical calculations reveal that the waves are surface modes, with initial photospheric energies in excess of 35,000 Wm‑2. The wave energetics indicate a substantial decrease in energy with atmospheric height, confirming that magnetic pores are able to transport waves that exhibit appreciable energy damping, which may release considerable energy into the local chromospheric plasma.
Original languageEnglish
Article number132
Number of pages14
JournalThe Astrophysical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2015


  • magnetohydrodynamics: MHD
  • Sun: chromosphere
  • Sun: oscillations
  • Sun: photosphere


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