What role for DNA damage and repair in the bystander response?

Kevin Prise, M. Folkard, V. Kuosaite, L. Tartier, N. Zyuzikov, C. Shao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


The radiation-induced bystander effect challenges the accepted paradigm of direct DNA damage in response to energy deposition driving the biological consequences of radiation exposure. With the bystander response, cells which have not been directly exposed to radiation respond to their neighbours being targeted. In our own studies we have used novel targeted microbeam approaches to specifically irradiate parts of individual cells within a population to quantify the bystander response and obtain mechanistic information. Using this approach it has become clear that energy deposited by radiation in nuclear DNA is not required to trigger the effect, with cytoplasmic irradiation required. Irradiated cells also trigger a bystander response regardless of whether they themselves live or die, suggesting that the phenotype of the targeted cell is not a determining factor. Despite this however, a range of evidence has shown that repair status is important for dealing with the consequences of a bystander signal. Importantly, repair processes involved in the processing of dsb appear to be involved suggesting that the bystander response involves the delayed or indirect production of dsb-type lesions in bystander cells. Whether these are infact true dsb or complexes of oxidised bases in combination with strand breaks and the mechanisms for their formation, remains to be elucidated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalMutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Issue number1-2 SPEC. ISS.
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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