Why is Russia flexing its muscles in the Middle East?

    Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

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    Syria’s bloody civil war suddenly became even more tangled in September with the start of a massive Russian bombing campaign on targets in the country. Two historians offer their personal takes on why Vladimir Putin ordered airstrikes
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages2
    Specialist publicationBBC History Magazine
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016


    • Russia
    • Russian nationalism
    • Middle East and North Africa
    • international relations

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • History
    • Political Science and International Relations


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