Why keep a dog and bark yourself? From intermediary liability to responsibility

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Downloads (Pure)


This article contextualizes the recent developments in intermediary liability theory and policy within a broader move towards private ordering online. In this context, online intermediaries' governance would move away from a well-established utilitarian approach and towards a moral approach by rejecting negligence-based intermediary liability arrangements. Miscellaneous policy tools-such as monitoring and filtering obligations, blocking orders, graduated response, payment blockades and follow-the-money strategies, private Domain Name System content regulation, online search manipulation, or administrative enforcement-might reflect this change in perspective. In particular, policy makers-and interested third-parties such as intellectual property rightholders-try to coerce online intermediaries into implementing these policy strategies through voluntary measures and self-regulation, in addition to validly enacted obligations. This process might be pushing an amorphous notion of responsibility that incentivizes intermediaries' self-intervention to police allegedly infringing activities in the Internet. In this sense, the intermediary liability discourse is shifting towards an intermediary responsibility discourse. Furthermore, enforcement would be looking once again for an 'answer to the machine in the machine'. By enlisting online intermediaries as watchdogs, governments would de facto delegate online enforcement to algorithmic tools. Due process and fundamental guarantees get mauled by technological enforcement, curbing fair uses of content online and silencing speech according to the mainstream ethical discourse.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-33
Number of pages33
JournalInternational Journal of Law and Information Technology
Issue number1
Early online date14 Dec 2017
Publication statusPublished - 01 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Copyright
  • Defamation
  • Enforcement
  • Free speech
  • Intellectual property
  • Intermediary liability
  • Internet governance
  • Platforms


Dive into the research topics of 'Why keep a dog and bark yourself? From intermediary liability to responsibility'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this