Winning the arms race host-parasite shared evolutionary history reduces infection risks in fish final hosts

Danny J Sheath, Jaimie T A Dick, James W E Dickey, Zhiqiang Guo, Demetra Andreou, J Robert Britton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Parasite manipulation of intermediate hosts evolves to increase parasite trophic transmission to final hosts, yet counter selection should act on the final host to reduce infection risk and costs. However, determining who wins this arms race and to what extent is challenging. Here, for the first time, comparative functional response analysis quantified final host consumption patterns with respect to intermediate host parasite status. Experiments used two evolutionarily experienced fish hosts and two naive hosts, and their amphipod intermediate hosts of the acanthocephalan parasite Pomphorhynchus tereticollis The two experienced fish consumed significantly fewer infected than non-infected prey, with lower attack rates and higher handling times towards the former. Conversely, the two naive fish consumed similar numbers of infected and non-infected prey at most densities, with similar attack rates and handling times towards both. Thus, evolutionarily experienced final hosts can reduce their infection risks and costs via reduced intermediate host consumption, with this not apparent in naive hosts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
JournalBiology Letters
Volume14
Issue number7
Early online date25 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 25 Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes

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