Work-place social capital and smoking cessation: The Finnish Public Sector Study

Anne Kouvonen, T. Oksanen, J. Vahtera, A. Vaananen, R. De Vogli, M. Elovainio, J. Pentti, S. Leka, T. Cox, M. Kivimaki

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    Abstract

    AIMS:
    To examine whether high social capital at work is associated with an increased likelihood of smoking cessation in baseline smokers.
    DESIGN:
    Prospective cohort study.
    SETTING:
    Finland.
    PARTICIPANTS:
    A total of 4853 employees who reported to be smokers in the baseline survey in 2000-2002 (response rate 68%) and responded to a follow-up survey on smoking status in 2004-2005 (response rate 77%).
    MEASUREMENTS:
    Work-place social capital was assessed using a validated and psychometrically tested eight-item measure. Control variables included sex, age, socio-economic position, marital status, place of work, heavy drinking, physical activity, body mass index and physician-diagnosed depression.
    FINDINGS:
    In multi-level logistic regression models adjusted for all the covariates, the odds for being a non-smoker at follow-up were 1.26 [95% confidence interval (CI)=1.03-1.55] times higher for baseline smokers who reported high individual-level social capital than for their counterparts with low social capital. In an analysis stratified by socio-economic position, a significant association between individual-level social capital and smoking cessation was observed in the high socio-economic group [odds ratio (OR) (95% CI)=1.63 (1.01-2.63)], but not in intermediate [(OR=1.10 (0.83-1.47)] or low socio-economic groups [(OR=1.28 (0.86-1.91)]. Work unit-level social capital was not associated with smoking cessation.
    CONCLUSIONS:
    If the observed associations are causal, these findings suggest that high perceived social capital at work may facilitate smoking cessation among smokers in higher-status jobs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1857-1865
    Number of pages9
    JournalAddiction
    Volume103
    Issue number11
    Early online date14 Aug 2008
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medicine (miscellaneous)
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

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  • Cite this

    Kouvonen, A., Oksanen, T., Vahtera, J., Vaananen, A., De Vogli, R., Elovainio, M., Pentti, J., Leka, S., Cox, T., & Kivimaki, M. (2008). Work-place social capital and smoking cessation: The Finnish Public Sector Study. Addiction, 103(11), 1857-1865. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02315.x