Kinetic studies of the deprotonation of arylidene imines of alanine and phenylglycine esters by tertiary amines and pyridine and cycloaddition of the resultant 4π-azaallyl anions to N-phenylmaleimide show the expected dependance on the p-substituent in the aryl ring. e.g. p-NO2 > H > OMe >fs NMe2. A combination of metal salt (silver, lithium. or zinc) and triethylamine in THF, dipolar aprotic solvents (MeCN, DMSO, DMF) or N-methylacetamide effects regio- and stereo-specific or highly stereo-selective inter- and intra-molecular cycloaddition of imines of phenylglycine. alanine and glycine esters to a range of dipolarophiles probably via metallo-1,3-dipole formation at room temperature. Silver acetate is a more efficient and selective catalyst than lithium bromide and reactions in acetonitrile, DMSO or N-methylacetamide, are especially rapid (O.1-3.5h).
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry