YSOVAR: Mid-infrared Variability of Young Stellar Objects and Their Disks in the Cluster IRAS 20050+2720

K. Poppenhaeger, A. M. Cody, K. R. Covey, H. M. Günther, L. A. Hillenbrand, P. Plavchan, L. M. Rebull, J. R. Stauffer, S. J. Wolk, C. Espaillat, J. Forbrich, R. A. Gutermuth, J. L. Hora, M. Morales-Calderón, Inseok Song

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We present a time-variability study of young stellar objects (YSOs) in the cluster IRAS 20050+2720, performed at 3.6 and 4.5 μm with the Spitzer Space Telescope; this study is part of the Young Stellar Object VARiability (YSOVAR) project. We have collected light curves for 181 cluster members over 60 days. We find a high variability fraction among embedded cluster members of ca. 70%, whereas young stars without a detectable disk display variability less often (in ca. 50% of the cases) and with lower amplitudes. We detect periodic variability for 33 sources with periods primarily in the range of 2–6 days. Practically all embedded periodic sources display additional variability on top of their periodicity. Furthermore, we analyze the slopes of the tracks that our sources span in the color–magnitude diagram (CMD). We find that sources with long variability time scales tend to display CMD slopes that are at least partially influenced by accretion processes, while sources with short variability timescales tend to display extinction-dominated slopes. We find a tentative trend of X-ray detected cluster members to vary on longer timescales than the X-ray undetected members.
Original languageEnglish
Article number118
Number of pages22
JournalAstronomical Journal
Issue number4
Early online date22 Sep 2015
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • accretion
  • accretion disks
  • infrared: stars
  • protoplanetary disks
  • stars: pre-main sequence
  • stars: variables: general


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