A meta-analysis of self-conscious emotions and dissociation, and a psychometric assessment of the post-traumatic growth inventory

  • Sarah Toner

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctorate in Clinical Psychology


The review aimed to synthesize and meta-analyse the relationship between dissociation and evaluative Self-conscious emotions (SCEs), including shame, guilt, embarrassment, and pride. Dissociation and SCEs overlap regarding their interpersonal and trans-diagnostic characteristics, but the nature of their relationship remains unclear. Given that dissociation predicts non-response to intervention, better understanding of its correlates may have implications across numerous clinical presentations.

A systematic search identified 39 studies reporting a relationship between dissociation and an SCEs. Meta-analyses were conducted on correlations reported.

The empirical study aimed to address the lack of clarity in the factor structure of the short form of the post-traumatic growth inventory (PTGI-SF). Literature searches identified 19 distinct factor structures in existing literature which were tested using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The study used survey data taken from the Northern Ireland Veteran’s Health and Wellbeing Study (NIVHWS; Armour et al., 2021). A best-fitting model was identified and the indirect effect of resilience on the relationship between Post-traumatic stress (PTS) and PTG factors was estimated.

Thesis is embargoed until 31 December 2024.
Date of AwardDec 2022
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Queen's University Belfast
SupervisorDonncha Hanna (Supervisor), Cherie Armour (Supervisor) & David Curran (Supervisor)


  • dissociation
  • self-conscious emotion
  • meta-analysis
  • resilence
  • post-traumatic growth
  • post-traumatic stress

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