AbstractThe injection stretch blow Moulding (ISBM) process is widely used to manufacture PET bottles for the beverage and consumer goods industry. However, at present the ISBM process, including both the stretch blow moulding and reheating processes, are totally open-loop. The processes are complex and users often have to rely heavily on trial and error method to set up and control it. In this research, with the main purpose to displace this experience-based trial and error method in the ISBM process, the associated modelling and control methods are proposed.
In this thesis, experimental investigation is the basis of all research. The ISBM process experiment is designed and simulated by the finite element software ABAQUS. Section weights data is acquired by a number of experiments with different operation settings, including mass flow rate, temperature, timing and air pressure. In addition, preform terminal and heating temperature profiles experiments are designed utilising a combination of THERMOscan and a new self-designed thermocouple based equipment respectively. The temperature profiles are obtained from a number of experiments with different infrared lamp power settings. All of the experimental data is analysed, processed and used as the modelling data pool.
Furthermore, because the ISBM and reheating processes are quite complex, linear models are not deemed to meet the satisfactory accuracy. Thus a non-linear identification method, radial basis function (RBF) neural networks model selected by two-stage selection (TSS) based on heuristic approaches including particle swarm optimization (PSO) and differential evolution (DE) is proposed. The main advantage of the proposed method is that the non-linear parameters are optimized in a continuous space by heuristic approaches while the hidden nodes of RBF model are selected one by one in a discrete space using the first stage of TSS algorithm. Due to this recursive updating mechanism, the computational complexity is significantly reduced. In addition, the insignificant hidden nodes of RBF neural networks model are removed by the second stage of TSS which further improves the model accuracy. The proposed modelling method is then employed for the ISBM and reheating processes. Experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed modelling method.
Finally, in order to control the preform temperature profiles, a heuristic based norm-optimal terminal iterative learning control (ILC) method is proposed. Since the reheating process is a batch process, ILC can achieve perfect tracking in a fixed time interval for a repeatable control object by its learning property. The terminal ILC strategy can overcome the problem that only the terminal temperature profile can be measured in the reheating process. In addition, in order to balance the control performance and energy cost, a norm-optimal method is applied. The main advantage of this control strategy is that the requirement of the system knowledge is minimal. Heuristic methods such as PSO, DE and teaching-learning based optimization (TLBO) can be used as computational tools to calculate the sequence of norm-optimal inputs for this non-linear system model. Simulation results demonstrate the efficacy of this new control strategy.
|Date of Award||Dec 2016|
|Supervisor||Wasif Naeem (Supervisor), Kang Li (Supervisor) & Gary Menary (Supervisor)|