AbstractThis study explores the application of behaviour analytic practices for children with autism in two geographical and culturally diverse regions, the UK and China, through a mixed method research approach. A survey was conducted with 97 parent respondents, consisting of 12 UK parents, and 85 Chinese parents and with 90 professional respondents, consisting of 24 UK professionals (10 supervisors and 14 therapists) and 66 Chinese professionals. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 18 UK and 18 Chinese participants. A total of 8 cases were considered, consisting of 5 observations on parents (2 from Northern Ireland and 3 from Northern China) and 3 observations on professionals (1 therapist from Northern Ireland and 2 teachers from Northern China).
There were substantial differences in types of service delivery between the UK and China. Specifically, in the UK, professionals played a leading role, while in China, parents took a more active role than professionals. Home-based programmes were the most common mode of service delivery in the UK while in China, the majority of which were organized through autism organisations. Chinese parents tended to move away from home temporarily to access good quality programmes. The wide-spread application of high calibre Early Intensive Behavioural Intervention (EIBI) was not yet established in statutory sectors of the UK and China.
However, there were important similarities between the two regions despite culture, population, policy, economy and societal differences. Parents of both countries reported that their child’s quality of life improved after the ABA-based programme. An eclectic approach was reported by participants from each country. A number of parents ran ABA-based training sessions for their child as a parent therapist. Professionals and many parents indicated their willingness to advance professional levels.
Data from the cross-national comparisons provided for discussion on the reasons for different types of service delivery of ABA in their respective environments. Recommendations are outlined for future practice in international contexts.
|Date of Award||Apr 2017|
|Supervisor||Karola Dillenburger (Supervisor)|