Narcissism, time perspective and well-being in the adult and older adult population

  • Lauren Harper

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctorate in Clinical Psychology


Exploring the Impact of Time Perspective on the Subjective Well-being of Older Adults: A Systematic Review

The impact of time perspective on subjective well-being has been well established in the literature but there has been much disagreement as to how this relationship changes as individuals age. Much of the research has focused on concepts of future time perspective and balanced time perspective. The aim of this review was to investigate quantitative studies that have explored the impact of time perspective on the subjective well-being of older adults. A total of 1215 articles were identified as potentially eligible – 18 remained following screening and quality assessment. There was vast heterogeneity in the measurement of time perspective and subjective well-being which did not allow for meaningful conclusions to be reached. Future research should seek to measure the concepts more consistently in order to allow for results to be generalisable.

The Mediating Role of Time Perspective in the Relationship between Narcissism and Subjective Well-being

This study aimed to explore the mediating role of time perspective on the relationship between narcissism and subjective well-being. Previous research has identified time perspective as playing a key role in an individual’s reported level of subjective well-being. Narcissism has been reported as having a variable relationship with subjective well-being. In order to better understand how these concepts might be related, 295 individuals aged between 18 and 75 years (M = 45.85; SD = 15.74) completed an online questionnaire comprised of the Brief-Pathological Narcissism Inventory, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-13, the Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale, the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory, and the Personal Well-being Index. Correlational relationships were established between the key variables. Mediation analysis showed that when deviation from balanced time perspective-revisited was accounted for, overall narcissism and its two facets were significantly associated with subjective well-being.

Thesis embargoed until 31 December 2024.
Date of AwardDec 2021
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Queen's University Belfast
SponsorsBusiness Services Organisation & Queen's University Belfast
SupervisorPauline Adair (Supervisor), Brent Thompson (Supervisor) & Aidan Feeney (Supervisor)


  • Older adults
  • time perspective
  • narcissism
  • grandiose
  • vulnerable
  • subjective well-being
  • adults

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